Hughes Kraft, “Ouzbek Woman” 1880
The spirit of defiance in this nineteenth century photograph is palpable. This reminds me of the photographs that the French took in Algeria in the same time period. There is a challenge in these expressions. There are more expressions like this in the women of the rest of Turkestan: Kyrgyz, Kazak and Turkmen women in similar defiant poses. Right now, this is only part one of a series of photos for an essay on Turkestan women and defiance.